© 2013 Orthopaedic Research Society Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Orthop Res 31:1643–1652, 2013

Comprehensive assessment of tibial plateau morphology in total knee arthroplasty: Influence of shape and size on anthropometric variability

Yifei Dai Jeffrey E. Bischoff

Better understanding of proximal tibia morphology can lead to improvements in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) through development of tibial tray families that adequately reflect the diversity of global anatomy using an appropriate number of components. We quantified variations in proximal tibial morphology at the TKA level and characterized differences attributable to gender and ethnicity. Virtual TKA was performed on digital models of 347 tibiae, spanning both genders and multiple ethnicities. The geometry of the resection profile was quantified using both a comprehensive set of morphological measurements (reflecting size and shape) and principal component analysis (PCA). The dominant statistical modes of variation were associated primarily with size (plateau dimensions, radii, and area), with lesser contributions associated with asymmetry and aspect ratios. Medial and lateral AP dimensions were strongly correlated with plateau ML width, with minimal differences in correlations due to gender or ethnicity. In conclusion, clinically relevant differences in proximal tibia morphology at the level of TKA resections across genders and multiple ethnicities can be attributed largely to variations in overall proximal tibial size, not gender‐ or ethnic‐specific shape variations.

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