The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1718 - 1722

Component Placement in Direct Lateral vs Minimally Invasive Anterior Approach in Total Hip Arthroplasty: Radiographic Outcomes From a Prospective Randomized Controlled Trial

Brun, Ole-Christian L. et al.
Hip

Background

End-stage coxarthrosis is increasingly common; however, limited evidence exists on the effect of direct lateral approach (DLA) and minimally invasive direct anterior approach (MIDA) on component placement in total hip arthroplasty (THA). We therefore conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to determine the component placement in DLA vs MIDA in THA.

Methods

Between January 2012 and June 2013, 164 patients with clinically and radiologically confirmed coxarthrosis aged 20-80 years were randomized to either DLA or MIDA (active comparator). Excluded were patients with previous ipsilateral hip surgery, a body mass index >35 kg/m 2, and/or mental disability. Primary clinical outcomes have been published elsewhere. Secondary outcomes included radiographic assessment of the acetabular component (cement-mantle thickness, inclination, and anteversion), femoral stem position (varus/valgus and THA index), offset restoration, and leg length discrepancy.

Results

The mean cement-mantle was significantly thicker in zone 1 in the MIDA group (mean difference = 0.51 mm, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.09-0.93, P = .018), and the mean degrees of inclination and anteversion were higher in the MIDA group (mean difference = 2.5°, 95% CI 0.3-4.6, P = .023 and mean difference = 3.6°, 95% CI 2.2-5.0, P < .0001, respectively). According to the defined reference range, cup inclination was more often adequate in the DLA group (67.9% (53/78) in the DLA group vs 52.4% (43/82) in the MIDA group, P = .045). There were no differences in frontal or lateral femoral stem position, global offset restoration, or leg length discrepancy.

Conclusion

In this population of Norwegian patients with coxarthrosis, radiographic assessment showed limited differences in component placement between MIDA and DLA. The findings suggest that component placement is similar in the 2 surgical approaches.

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