The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 8, 66 - 70

Comparison of One-Stage Revision With Antibiotic Cement Versus Two-Stage Revision Results for Infected Total Hip Arthroplasty

Choi, Ho-Rim et al.
Hip

Eighty three patients of infected total hip arthroplasty (THA) treated by implant removal and staged revision were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between three groups: 17 one-stage revisions (one-stage group), 44 two-stage revisions with second stage reimplantation (two-stage reimplanted group), and 22 planned two-stage but no reimplantation (two-stage non-reimplanted group). The rate of infection control was 82% (14/17) in the one-stage group, 75% (33/44) in the two-stage reimplanted group, and 68% (15/22) in the two-stage non-reimplanted group (P = 0.60). The mean of latest Harris hip score was 77, 60, and 58 (P = 0.14), and the UCLA activity score was 4.0, 4.2, and 3.6 (P = 0.74) for each group, respectively. Results of this study suggest that one-stage revision arthroplasty can be a treatment option in selected cases of infected THA with a satisfactory infection control rate and functional outcomes comparable to those of two-stage revision.


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