The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 11, 2597 - 2602

Comparative Analysis of Radiographic Hip Joint Geometry Using Measurement Tools on Picture Archiving and Communication System: A Prospective Study of 100 Pelvic Radiographs of Koreans

Kim, Seung-Chan et al.


A contralateral normal hip joint has been often used as a reference standard in preoperative planning and intraoperative assessment of hip arthroplasty, with the assumption that bilateral hip joint geometries have no significant differences. However, one previous study using analog measurements on hardcopy films reported significant bilateral variation in hip joint geometry. We therefore investigated the level of agreement between the right and left hips for each measurement and determined index values and the range of normal bilateral variations.


We assessed 100 standard anteroposterior radiographs of the pelvis in this study. Two independent observers measured the actual value of femoral head diameter, location of the femoral head center, acetabular offset, femoral offset, hip offset, greater trochanteric height, neck-shaft angle, medullary canal diameter, and proximal femoral diameter. Intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) and values of mean difference were calculated for each measurement.


The results demonstrated perfect agreement (ICC >0.8) between the right and left hips for most parameters and substantial agreement for greater trochanteric height (ICC = 0.735) and femoral offset (ICC = 0.773). The mean difference and standard deviation in the measurement between the right and left hips for the location of the femoral head center and the acetabular offset were 0.60 ± 0.48 mm and 0.42 ± 0.30 mm, respectively.


Hip joint geometry is not influenced by side. In hip arthroplasty, a contralateral normal hip can be reliably used as a guide for preoperative planning using measurement tools on a picture archiving and communication system.

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