The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 2, 689 - 695

Bilateral Total Hip Arthroplasty: 1-Stage or 2-Stage? A Meta-Analysis

Shao, Hongyi et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is one of the most successful orthopedic surgeries performed in the last 50 years. However, controversies still exist between conducting 1- or 2-stage bilateral THA.

Methods

Using PubMed, Ovid, Embase, and Cochrane library databases, we searched for papers written between January 1995 and October 2015 that contained the following search terms: “one-stage or two-stage” or “simultaneous or staged,” and “hip” and “arthroplasty or replacement.” A meta-analysis was conducted with the collected pooled data about major and minor systemic complications, surgical complications, and other perioperative data associated with 1- and 2-stage bilateral THA. Statistical analysis was performed by the Mantel-Haenszel method, and the fixed effect model was used to analyze data.

Results

There were 13 studies with 17,762 patients who underwent 1-stage bilateral THA and 46,147 patients who underwent 2-stage bilateral THA. One-stage bilateral THA had a lower risk of major systemic complications, less deep venous thrombosis, and shorter operative time compared with 2-stage bilateral THA. There were no significant differences in death, pulmonary embolism, cardiovascular complication, infections, minor complications, and other surgical complications between procedures.

Conclusion

One-stage bilateral THA was superior to 2-stage bilateral THA in terms of major systemic complication, deep venous thrombosis, and surgical time compared with 2-stage bilateral THA. However, this study does not encourage performing 1-stage over 2-stage bilateral THA. Higher evidence level studies are necessary for further analysis.


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