The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 9, 212 - 216

Bilateral Simultaneous vs Staged Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Comparison of Complications and Mortality

Sheth, Dhiren S. et al.
Knee

Background

The purpose of this study was to compare the complications and mortality between bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty (BTKA-Simultaneous) and bilateral staged TKA (BTK-Staged) while adjusting for differences in patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics.

Methods

An integrated health care system total joint registry was used to compare patients undergoing BTKA-Simultaneous to BTKA-Staged. For outcomes related to revision and infection, the sample included 11,118 patients, and for outcomes of death, acute myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thromboembolism, a subsample of 7991 patients with comorbidity data was selected.

Results

Overall death and complications in both groups were rare. The complication rates for BTKA-Simultaneous and BTKA-Staged were comparable: aseptic revision (1.17% vs 0.9%), septic revision/deep infection (0.8% vs 0.7%), death (0.28% vs 0.1%), and adverse events (2.49% vs 1.97%). In the adjusted models, there were no significant differences in any of the outcomes between the 2 groups.

Conclusion

There is a lack of evidence to support superiority of either BTKA-Simultaneous or BTKA-Staged.


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