Augmented Glenoid Component for Bone Deficiency in Shoulder ArthroplastyRice, Robert, S.1; Sperling, John, W.1,a; Miletti, Joseph1; Schleck, Cathy2; Cofield, Robert, H.1
Asymmetric posterior glenoid wear caused by degenerative glenohumeral arthritis can be addressed by several techniques during total shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the midterm outcome of a posterior augmented glenoid component to determine the clinical and radiographic outcome, including complications and the need for revision surgery. Between 1995 and 1999, 13 patients (14 shoulders) underwent a shoulder arthroplasty with an augmented glenoid component to treat posterior glenoid bone deficiency. All 14 shoulders had advanced osteoarthritis. The minimum followup for these 13 patients was 2 years (mean, 5 years; range, 2-8 years). The mean age of these patients was 66 years at the time of surgery (range, 52-78 years). The mean active elevation was 160° (range, 120°-180°) and external rotation was 56° (range, 30°-90°). According to a modified Neer result rating system, 36% of patients had an excellent result, 50% a satisfactory result, and 14% an unsatisfactory result. Our results suggest patients undergoing total shoulder arthroplasty with an asymmetric glenoid component for osteoarthritis achieve satisfactory mid-term pain relief and improvement in function; however, instability is not always corrected. The advantage of this component seems marginal, and its use has been discontinued.
Level of Evidence: Level IV, retrospective review. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.