The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 5, 1675 - 1678

Assessment of Head Displacement and Disassembly Force With Increasing Assembly Load at the Head/Trunnion Junction of a Total Hip Arthroplasty Prosthesis

Ramoutar, Darryl N. et al.
Hip

Background

Most femoral components used now for total hip arthroplasty are modular, requiring a strong connection at assembly. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of assembly force on the strength of head-trunnion interface and to measure the initial displacement of the head on the trunnion with different assembly forces.

Methods

Three assembly load levels were assessed (A: 2 kN, B: 4 kN, C: 6 kN) with 4 implants in each group. The stems were mounted in a custom rig and the respective assembly loads were applied to the head at a constant rate of 0.05 kN/s (ISO7260-10:2003). Load levels were recorded during assembly. Head displacement was measured with a laser sensor. The disassembly force was determined by a standard pull-off test.

Results

The maximum head displacement on the trunnion was significantly different between the 2 kN group and the other 2 groups (4 kN, 6 kN, P = .029), but not between the 4 kN and 6 kN groups (P = .89). The disassembly forces between the 3 groups were significantly different (mean ± standard deviation, A: 1316 ± 223 kN; B: 2224 ± 151 kN; C: 3965 ± 344 kN; P = .007), with increasing assembly load leading to a higher pull-off force. For the 4 kN and 6 kN groups, a first peak of approximately 2.5 kN was observed on the load recordings during assembly before the required assembly load was eventually reached corresponding to sudden increase in head displacement to approximately 150 μm.

Conclusion

An assembly force of 2 kN may be too low to overcome the frictional forces needed to engage the head and achieve maximum displacement on the trunnion and thus an assembly load of greater than 2.5 kN is recommended.


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