The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 9, 1999 - 2005

Age-Related Decline in Patient-Reported Outcomes 2 and 5 Years Following Total Hip Arthroplasty

Lalani, Anum et al.
Hip

Background

Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) help assess therapeutic effectiveness. This study assessed the effect of advanced age on the Hip Disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) and Lower Extremity Activity Scale (LEAS) after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

A prospective cohort of patients underwent primary THA at our institution between May 2007 and December 2011. Exposure was age at the time of surgery and outcomes were HOOS and LEAS scores 2 and 5 years postsurgery. We used a multivariable longitudinal generalized estimating equation to elucidate the effect of age on PROM scores.

Results

Our analysis of 3700 THA patients (mean age, 66 years; 56.4% female) demonstrated a decline in scores by age for the LEAS, HOOS Activities of Daily Living, and HOOS Sport and Recreation domains. There was also association between age and HOOS Symptoms and HOOS Quality of Life domains, but not between age and the HOOS Pain domain. Critical ages at which the relationship between age and outcome changed was 63 years for the HOOS Pain, Symptom, Activities of Daily Living, and Quality of Life domains, and 72 years for the HOOS Sport and Recreation domain and the LEAS.

Conclusion

Patients undergoing THA at older ages reported lower activity and sports and recreation scores than younger patients, but similar pain, symptoms, and quality of life scores. This knowledge can help physicians guide patients’ expectations before THA. Our findings also indicate that PROM scores should be age adjusted when used for quality or value comparisons between hospitals or physicians.

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