The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 3, 415 - 420

Accuracy of Computer-Navigated Total Hip Arthroplasty

Snyder, Garrett M. et al.
Hip

Proper acetabular cup orientation is essential in total hip arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of a particular imageless computer navigation system in determining cup position. Thirty-nine computer-navigated total hip arthroplasty intraoperative measurements of cup abduction and anteversion were compared with those from follow-up radiographs. Sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, prevalence-adjusted positive value (PPV), and negative predictive value were calculated for both navigation and radiographs. Navigation measurements had high specificity and PPV when assessing cup abduction and anteversion (specificity >90%, PPV >94%). In contrast, the system was not very effective in detecting suboptimal cup position (sensitivity abduction, 50%; anteversion, 33%). Intraoperative navigation readings in the safe zone have high probability of indicating correct placement. However, confirmation of suboptimal cup position intraoperatively requires additional diagnostic methods.


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