The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 1, 193 - 196

Total Knee Arthroplasty After Failed Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty. Clinical Results, Radiologic Findings, and Technical Tips

Borrego Paredes, Estrella et al.
Knee

Background

The loss of anatomic references and bone stock turns unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) revision surgery difficult, and according to some authors, it is technically as challenging as a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) revision surgery.

Methods

A retrospective review of 559 Oxford medial UKA was performed between 2007 and 2013. Nineteen knees were revised to TKA for reasons other than infection, most commonly for osteoarthritis progression.

Results

The most frequent cause of failure in our series was osteoarthritis progression (10 cases, 52.63%). In 15 patients (78.95%), tibial stems were needed, and in 10 (55.5%), metallic blocks for augmentation of tibial plateau were used. Postoperative radiographic studies showed a correct implant alignment, preserving adequate joint line (24.8 mm), and patellar (1.1 mm) height (according to Insall-Salvati). After a mean follow-up of 21 months (range 6-51) mean values of 78.8 (standard deviation [SD] = 16.8) and 62.3 (SD = 19.6) were obtained for the physical and mental scores of the Knee Society Score test. In the SF-36 tests mean values of 45.2 (SD = 7.6) and 53 (SD = 5.2) were obtained for the physical and mental scores respectively. In one case, a varus/valgus instability occurred intraoperatively and it required revision with a prosthesis with higher constriction. No thromboembolic or infectious events were observed during postoperative follow-up.

Conclusion

Following a standardized technique, UKA revision surgery can be achieved with TKA in almost every case despite bone stock loss and lack of anatomic landmarks.


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