Hip Pelvis. 2022 Jun; 34(2): 115–121.

The Wear Rate and Survivorship in Total Hip Arthroplasty Using a Third-generation Ceramic Head on a Conventional Polyethylene Liner: A Minimum of 15-year Follow-up

Bum-Jin Shim, MD, PhD, Sung-Jin Park, MD,* and Chan Ho Park, MD, PhDcorresponding author*


The purpose of this study was to evaluate the wear and survival rates of third-generation ceramic heads on a conventional ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene liner.

Materials and Methods

A total of 160 hips (147 patients with a mean age of 55.9 years) who underwent total hip arthroplasty using the third-generation ceramic head on a conventional polyethylene liner from March 1998 to August 2003 were reviewed retrospectively. Evaluation of the wear rate for 56 hips (49 patients) followed-up for at least 15 years was performed using the PolyWare program version 8 (Draftware Developers, USA). The Kaplan–Meier survivorship was also evaluated.


Linear wear and volumetric wear rates were 0.11±0.47 mm/year and 32.75±24.50 mm3/year, respectively. Nine revisions were performed during the follow-up period because of cup or stem loosening. The Kaplan–Meier survival rate, using cup revision or total revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) as the endpoint of analysis, was 93.7% at 15 years and 73.6% at 20 years.


Because all revisions were performed between 15 and 20 years in our study, surgeons should pay greater attention to patients who underwent THA with ceramic-on-polyethylene bearing from 15 years postoperatively. Contemporary alumina ceramic on highly cross-linked polyethylene could certainly be a good alternative bearing couple providing better longevity.

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