Smart sensor implant technology in total knee arthroplastyKarthikeyan. P. Iyengar, FRCS (Tr & Orth),a,∗ Benjamin Thomas Vincent Gowers,b Vijay Kumar Jain,c Raju. S. Ahluwalia,d Rajesh Botchu,e and Raju Vaishyaf
Innovations in computer technology and implant design have paved the way for the development of smart instruments and intelligent implants in trauma and orthopaedics to improve patient-related functional outcomes. Sensor technology uses embedded devices that detect physical, chemical and biological signals and provide a way for these signals to be measured and recorded. Sensor technology applications have been introduced in various fields of medicine in the diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of diseases. Intelligent ‘Smart’ implants are devices that can provide diagnostic capabilities along with therapeutic benefits. In trauma and orthopaedics, applications of sensors is increasing because of the advances in microchip technologies for implant devices and research designs. It offers real-time monitoring from the signals transmitted by the embedded sensors and thus provides early management solutions. Smart orthopaedic implants have applications in total knee arthroplasty, hip arthroplasty, spine surgery, fracture healing, early detection of infection and implant loosening. Here we have explored the role of Smart sensor implant technology in total knee arthroplasty. Smart sensor assisted can be used intraoperatively to provide objective assessment of ligament and soft tissue balancing whilst maintaining the sagittal and coronal alignment to achieve desired kinematic targets following total knee arthroplasty. It can also provide post-implantation data to monitor implant performance in natural conditions and patient’s clinical recovery during rehabilitation. The use of Smart Sensor implant technology in total knee arthroplasty appears to provide superior patient satisfaction rates and improved functional outcomes.