The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 9, 1614 - 1617

Randomized Blinded Study Comparing a Bipolar Sealer and Standard Electrocautery in Reducing Transfusion Requirements in Anterior Supine Intermuscular Total Hip Arthroplasty

Morris, Michael J. et al.

Managing blood loss in total hip arthroplasty (THA) minimizes complications and decreases cost. Tissue-sparing anterior supine intermuscular THA (ASI-THA) may offer a quicker recovery but increases blood loss and transfusion requirements. This double-blinded prospective study compared a bipolar sealer (Aquamantys 6.0 bipolar sealer) to standard monopolar electrocautery in reducing blood loss in ASI-THA. Differences in calculated actual blood loss (ABL), hemoglobin, and transfusion requirements were examined. One hundred hips were randomized to each group. Transfusion rates were similar, 6% and 4%, respectively (p>0.05). ABL and change in hemoglobin were identical (1.35 and 3.3 g). No significant differences in transfusion, blood loss, or hemoglobin were seen with a bipolar sealer device. Routine use of this bipolar sealer device has been discontinued in ASI-THA.

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