We identified 99,444 patients who underwent primary TJA. The overall incidence of complications after TJA was 4.9%. Overall complications were increased in patients with operative times >120 minutes (5.9%) as compared to patients with operative times <60 minutes or 60-120 minutes (4.6% and 4.8%, respectively; P < .001). Wound complications, including surgical site infection, were also increased for procedures lasting >120 minutes. In a multivariable analysis, operative time exceeding 120 minutes remained an independent predictor of any complication and wound complication, with each 30-minute increase in operative time beyond 120 minutes further increasing risk. Patient age ≤65 years, male sex, black race, body mass index ≥30 kg/m2, and an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of 3 or 4, predicted operative times >120 minutes.