The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 5, 1641 - 1646

Incidence of Ceramic Liner Malseating After Ceramic-on-Ceramic Total Hip Arthroplasty Associated With Osteolysis: A 5- to 15-Year Follow-Up Study

Higuchi, Yoshitoshi et al.
Hip

Background

The aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of malseating of the acetabular liner in ceramic-on-ceramic total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

Outcomes for 160 ceramic-on-ceramic THAs, contributed by 116 women and 39 men, were evaluated. Clinical and radiographic measurements were obtained over a 5- to 15-year follow-up for analysis.

Results

Liner malseating was identified in 20% of cases. Outcomes for 32 cases with liner malseating (group A) were compared to outcomes for 128 joints with correct liner seating (group B). The Harris hip score at the last follow-up was 90.1 for group A and 89.6 for group B. Osteolysis was identified in 5 cases in group A (15.6%), compared to 3 cases in group B (P < .001). No significant between-group differences were identified with regard to ceramic fracture, audible squeaking, loosening of components, and revision THA. The mean annual liner wear rate was comparable between groups, 0.0045 mm/y for group A and 0.0039 mm/y for group B. The 10-year Kaplan-Meier survivorship, based on an end point of revision THA, was 100% for group A and 99.0% for group B.

Conclusion

Over a moderate-length follow-up of 5-15 years, malseating of the acetabular liner was not associated with negative clinical outcomes or THA survivorship. Malseating did increase the incidence of osteolysis, a risk factor for adverse effects. Long-term follow-up studies are needed to fully quantify the effects of malseating of the acetabular liner.


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