Evaluation of health-related quality of life after total hip arthroplasty: a case-control study in the Iranian populationMansour Bahardoust, Mikaiel Hajializade, Reza Amiri, Fatemeh Mousazadeh and Karim Pisoudeh
As the total hip arthroplasty (THA) mainly aims to improve the quality of life of the patients, study of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after THA has attracted much attention. Yet, the results considerably vary between studies. Here, we evaluate the HRQoL of the patient after THA, for the first time in the Iranian population.
In a case-control study, HRQoL was assessed in 217 patients after THA and compared with a matched reference population. The 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) was used for the evaluation of HRQoL. A multiple linear regression model was used to investigate the influence of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of the patients on the HRQOL.
The mean follow-up of the patients was 27 ± 18 months. The mean total SF-36 score was 41.4 ± 22.2 in the case and 67.3 ± 26.6 in the control group (p = 0.001). The mean physical component score, but not the mental component score, was significantly lower in the patient group (p = 0.001). Except for the vitality and emotional role, all other SF-36 subscales were significantly lower in the case group. Male sex (B = 4.52, p = 0.023), number of comorbidities (B = − 4.82, p = 0.011), body mass index (B = − 1.18, p = 0.044), number of post-operative complications (B = − 6.57, p = 0.001), and adherence to physiotherapy protocol (B = 2.09, p = 0.014) were associated with HRQoL after THA.
Although THA is considered as one of the most successful orthopedic practices, it is associated with remarkable reduced HRQoL in Iranian population when compared with the reference population. A variety of patients-associated factors influence the HRQoL after THA.