Acetabular Anteversion with CT in Supine, Simulated Standing, and Sitting Positions in a THA Patient PopulationLazennec, Jean-Yves, MD, PhD1; Boyer, Patrick, MD, PhD2; Gorin, Michel, MD3; Catonné, Yves, MD1; Rousseau, Marc, Antoine, MD, PhD1, a
Background Appraisal of the orientation of implants in THA dislocations currently is based on imaging done with the patient in the supine position. However, dislocation occurs in standing or sitting positions. Whether measured anteversion differs in images projected in the position of dislocation is unclear.
Questions/purposes We compared measured acetabular cup orientations on axial CT scans taken with the patient in a supine position with those from CT sections at angles to the sacral slope reflecting standing and sitting positions.
Methods We retrospectively reviewed the radiographs of 328 asymptomatic patients who had THAs. Anatomic acetabular anteversion (AAA) was measured from the plain CT scan (supine position, axial CT sections). The AAA also was measured on reformatted CT scans in which the orientation was adjusted individually to the sacral slope on lateral radiographs with patients in the standing and sitting positions.
Results The mean/(SD) AAA changed from 24.2° (6.9°) in the supine position to 31.7° (5.6°) and 38.8° (5.4°) in simulated standing and sitting positions, respectively. The supine AAA correlated with the standing AAA (r = 0.857) but not with the sitting AAA (r = 0.484).
Conclusions These data suggest measurement of the AAA on a plain CT scan used in current practice is biased. In patients with recurrent posterior dislocation from a sitting position, accounting for the functional variations in measurement of the position of the acetabular cup provides more relevant information regarding component positioning.