Excessive tibial component overhang during unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may cause medial collateral ligament (MCL) impingement, which, in turn, may lead to medial knee pain [Chau et al. Tibial component overhang 226 following unicompartmental knee replacement—does it matter? The Knee. 2009;16(5):310-3]. This study examines MCL loads in 6 human cadaveric knees for different levels of overhang using a robotic testing system. The results indicated no statistically significant difference between the baseline MCL load (no overhang) and the 2-mm overhang (P = .261). However, there were significant differences in MCL load between 2- vs 4-mm (P = .012) and 2- vs 6-mm overhang (P = .022). The loads were almost doubled from 2 to 4 mm of overhang. We conclude that, to minimize pain from excessive MCL loading, surgeons should avoid tibial component overhang greater than 2 mm in unicompartmental knee arthroplasties.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 2, 227 - 233
A Safe Overhang Limit for Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasties Based on Medial Collateral Ligament StrainsGudena, Ravindra et al.