The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 2, 227 - 233

A Safe Overhang Limit for Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasties Based on Medial Collateral Ligament Strains

Gudena, Ravindra et al.

Excessive tibial component overhang during unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) may cause medial collateral ligament (MCL) impingement, which, in turn, may lead to medial knee pain [Chau et al. Tibial component overhang 226 following unicompartmental knee replacement—does it matter? The Knee. 2009;16(5):310-3]. This study examines MCL loads in 6 human cadaveric knees for different levels of overhang using a robotic testing system. The results indicated no statistically significant difference between the baseline MCL load (no overhang) and the 2-mm overhang (P = .261). However, there were significant differences in MCL load between 2- vs 4-mm (P = .012) and 2- vs 6-mm overhang (P = .022). The loads were almost doubled from 2 to 4 mm of overhang. We conclude that, to minimize pain from excessive MCL loading, surgeons should avoid tibial component overhang greater than 2 mm in unicompartmental knee arthroplasties.

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