There have been increasing concerns regarding adverse local tissue reactions (ALTR) following metal-on-metal (MOM) hip arthroplasties. This study examined wear rates in retrievals of one design of MOM resurfacing arthroplasty, and assessed the differences in wear between those with and without ALTR. Wear measurements were made on 39 MOM resurfacing components (30 femoral, 9 acetabular) which were at least 2 years in vivo. Seven hips (6 patients; 4 acetabular components, 7 femoral components) were identified to have ALTR. Acetabular component abduction and anteversion angles were determined using EBRA, and the contact-patch-to-rim (CPR) distance was calculated. The ALTR group had higher linear femoral and acetabular wear rates, acetabular anteversion and abduction angles, lower CPR, and longer time to revision. Given the increased risk for ALTR associated with acetabular component malpositioning, patients with malpositioned acetabular components may require closer clinical follow-up and monitoring.