International Orthopaedics November 2017, Volume 41, Issue 11, pp 2253–2258

Two stage revision hip arthroplasty in periprosthetic joint infection. Comparison study: with or without the use of a spacer

Marczak, D., Synder, M., Sibiński, M. et al.
Hip

Purpose

The aim of this study was to compare two methods of two-stage surgery for PJI (periprosthetic joint infection) after THA (total hip arthroplasty): one with and one without the use of an antibiotic-loaded cement spacer.

Methods

This retrospective study was performed on 99 consecutive patients (99 hips) with a minimum follow-up of 24 months. Patients were divided into two groups: (1) in whom the operation was performed using a spacer, and (2) for whom a spacer was not used.

Results

For the whole cohort, the results improved between pre-operative and final follow-up. Recurrence of infection was found in nine out of 98 patients (9.2%) and was not significantly different between the two groups. Patients treated with a spacer had better functional improvement in the interim period, but the VAS score was better in the non-spacer group. The improvement in final function was better in the spacer group with regard to HHS, but not according to WOMAC score or VAS at final follow-up.

Conclusion

The resection arthroplasty should be awarded particular consideration in cases of poor soft tissue quality, bone stock deficiency, when complications related to spacer use are expected or chances of new hip endoprosthesis implantation are low.


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