The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 8, 1767 - 1772

The Wagner Cone Stem for the Management of the Challenging Femur in Primary Hip Arthroplasty

Parry, Michael C. et al.
Hip

Background

Splined conical stems offer design features that facilitate their use in the misshapen, dysplastic proximal femur.

Methods

This study assessed the survivorship of a conical prosthesis when applied to secondary coxarthrosis because of a range of pathologies. Fifty-one prostheses were implanted in 50 patients with a mean age of 50 (range, 15-80) and a median follow-up of 34 months (range, 24-73 months). Indications for the stem included developmental (36), neuromuscular (7), post-traumatic or surgical (7), and inflammatory conditions (1). Survivorship, functional outcome (WOMAC [Western Ontaria and McMaster University Osteoarthrits Index], Oxford Hip Score, and UCLA [University of California Los Angeles]), health status (short form-12 [SF-12]), satisfaction, and osseointegration were determined.

Results

Survivorship for aseptic loosening was 100% at 2 years and 98.04% for septic revision. Eight patients required reoperation, 4 for instability, and 1 each for infection, impingement, adverse reaction to metal debris, and pelvic insufficiency fracture. The mean WOMAC score was 85 (standard deviation [SD], 18), the mean Oxford Hip Score 84 (SD, 18), the mean physical SF-12 score was 48.3 (SD, 8.6), and the mean mental SF-12 was 53.7 (SD, 9.2), the mean satisfaction score was 91.5 (SD, 3.9), and the mean UCLA was 6 (SD, 1.6). All femoral components demonstrated osseointegration.

Conclusion

The cone femoral prosthesis demonstrates excellent early survival and osseointegration when applied to the challenging femur. Because of these encouraging results, we recommend this prosthesis be considered for the small, abnormal femur in primary hip arthroplasty.


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