J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2012 Nov;94(11):1517-21.

Survivorship of high tibial osteotomy in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee: Finnish registry-based study of 3195 knees.

Niinimäki TT, Eskelinen A, Mann BS, Junnila M, Ohtonen P, Leppilahti J.

Previous studies from single centres or single-surgeon series report good early and mid-term results for high tibial osteotomy (HTO) in the treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. However, the survivorship of HTO at a national level is unknown. This registry-based study included 3195 high HTOs performed between 1987 and 2008. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed an overall survivorship of 89% (95% confidence interval (CI) 88 to 90) at five years and 73% (95% CI 72 to 75) at ten years, when conversion to total knee replacement was taken as the endpoint. Females and patients aged > 50 years had worse survivorship than males or patients aged ≤ 50 years (hazard ratio (HR) 1.26 (95% CI 1.11 to 1.43) and HR 1.41 (95% CI 1.23 to 1.64), respectively). The survivorship of HTOs performed between 1998 to 2008 was worse than for those performed between 1987 and 1997.


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