The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 29, Issue 10, 1919 - 1924

Resident Involvement Does Not Influence Complication After Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Analysis of 13,109 Cases

Haughom, Bryan D. et al.

Our study aimed to determine the impact of resident involvement on the 30-day postoperative complication rates following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA). Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database, 13,109 primary THAs were identified, of which 3462 (26.4%) had resident involvement. Neither univariate (4.45% vs 4.52%, P = 0.86) nor multivariate (OR 1.04, P = 0.75) analyses demonstrated an increased complication rate with resident involvement following THA. We did find, however, that increased operative time, comorbidities, age, obesity, prior history of stroke and/or cardiac surgery were all independent risk factors for short-term complication. Our findings suggest that resident involvement does not increase 30-day complication rates following primary THA.

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