Long-Term Results of Total Hip Arthroplasty with 28-Millimeter Cobalt-Chromium Femoral Heads on Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene in Patients 50 Years and LessStambough, Jeffrey B. et al.
Highly cross-linked polyethylene (HXLPE) is the most commonly used bearing surface in total hip arthroplasty (THA) because of its superior wear properties, but long-term results in young patients are limited. We report on the clinical outcome, radiographic wear patterns and survivorship of 72 patients ≤50 years old who had a 28-millimeter cobalt-chromium femoral head on HXLPE acetabular liner. Mean and median true linear wear rates at average ten-year follow-up were 0.0104 and 0.016 mm per year ± 0.07 mm. Mean and median two-dimensional volumetric wear rates were 12.79 mm3 and 5.834 mm3 per year ± 26.1 mm3 as determined by Martell analysis. As a result of the minimal wear profile, there was no evidence of radiographic osteolysis and no wear-related revisions.