The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 33, Issue 5, 1572 - 1578

Interobserver and Intraobserver Reliability of Computed Tomography–Based Three-Dimensional Preoperative Planning for Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Miura, Michiaki et al.


Preoperative planning is an important factor for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study is to document the interobserver and intraobserver reliability of computed tomography (CT)-based 3-dimensional (3D) preoperative planning for primary TKA.


Twenty knees (10 with osteoarthritis and 10 with rheumatoid arthritis) were studied independently by 6 orthopedic surgeons using a CT-based 3D planning system. The measurements were made twice at more than 3-week intervals without any knowledge of their own previous measurements or those of the others. We assessed the femoral and tibial component sizes and the alignment of the femoral component.


The interobserver and intraobserver agreements for femoral component size were 44.3% and 62.5% with exact size, and increased to 90.7% and 99.2% within one size difference; the intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were 0.919 and 0.936, respectively. The interobserver and intraobserver agreements for tibial component size were 57.0% and 66.7% with exact size, and increased to 87.3% and 90.0% within one size difference; the ICCs were 0.909 and 0.924, respectively. The ICCs for femoral and tibial size were better in rheumatoid arthritis than in osteoarthritis. Interobserver ICC for femoral valgus angle was 0.807, and 0.893 for intraobserver reliability. Interobserver ICC of the femoral external rotation angle was 0.463, and 0.622 for intraobserver reliability.


CT-based 3D preoperative planning for primary TKA has clinical implications for predicting appropriate size and alignment of the component in patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

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