The primary goal of this study was to determine the initial press-fit stability in acetabular components without screw fixation. Mechanical testing was performed with the implantation of press-fit acetabular components in cadaveric specimens. No significant difference was found in load to failure testing between 1 and 2 mm of under-reaming. However, there was significant variability in bending forces required to create 150 μm of micromotion ranging from 49.3 N to 214.4 N. This study shows that cups implanted in a press-fit fashion, which are felt to be clinically stable, have high degrees of variability in resisting load and may be at risk for loosening. There is a need for more objective intra-operative techniques to test cup stability.