The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 2, 201 - 206

Incidence of Osteolysis in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Goldvasser, Dov et al.

Detection of polyethylene wear and osteolysis in total knee arthroplasty using radiographs is imprecise. To correlate radiographic findings with retrieved tibial component analysis, we reviewed knee revision cases. A joint registry was used to identify all knee revisions. Radiographic scoring systems were developed. Radiographs were analyzed for osteolysis and implant alignment. Polyethylene liner retrievals were visually and optically graded for surface damage. Statistical analyses that included correlation analysis and Mann-Whitney U test were used. When osteolysis was found, radiographic scores and delamination score were significantly higher (P = .047 and P = .014, respectively). Delamination is a good indicator for polyethylene wear and osteolysis. There is a need to develop in vivo methods to identify polyethylene changes and thereby prevent severe clinical outcomes.

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