The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 12, 3729 - 3734.e2

Effect of Type 2 Diabetes on In-Hospital Postoperative Complications and Mortality After Primary Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty

Martínez-Huedo, Maria A. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

We aimed to compare in-hospital postoperative complications (IHPC) and in-hospital mortality between patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA).

Methods

We analyzed data from the Spanish National Hospital Discharge Database, 2010-2014. We selected patients who had undergone THA (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification [ICD-9-CM] code 81.51) and TKA (code 81.54). Diabetic patients with THA and TKA were matched by year, age, sex, and the comorbidities included in the modified Elixhauser Comorbidity Index with a nondiabetic patient.

Results

We identified 115,234 THA patients and 195,355 TKA patients, 12.4% and 15.6% with T2DM, respectively. We matched 10,777 and 26,640 pairs of diabetic and nondiabetic patients. In T2DM patients who had undergone THA, the incidence of urinary tract infection was higher than in nondiabetic patients (1.50% vs 1.09%, P = .007), as was that of “any IHPC” (9.68% vs 8.98%, P = .038). In patients who had undergone TKA, the incidence of postoperative anemia was significantly higher in diabetic patients (4.90% vs 4.53, P = .040), as was that of urinary tract infection (0.80% vs 0.53%, P = .025) and “any IHPC” (7.30% vs 6.76%, P = .014). In both procedures, mean length of hospital stay was significantly higher in diabetic patients; for TKA, in-hospital mortality was higher in diabetic patients (0.09% vs 0.02%, P = .002). Previous comorbidities, age, and obesity predict a higher incidence of IHPC among diabetic patients.

Conclusions

This study confirms the higher risk of IHPC among T2DM patients after joint arthroplasty. IHPC may result in a higher risk of mortality in patients undergoing TKA.


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