Do Clinical and Quality of Life Scores Change over Time after Hip Resurfacing?Tan TL, Le Duff MJ, Takamura KM, Amstutz HC.
Metal-on-metal hip resurfacing (MOMHR) is an alternative to total hip replacement in young and active patients but little is known about the evolution of clinical outcome scores of hip resurfacing over time.
The purpose of this study was 1) to assess the long-term evolution of UCLA hip scores and SF-12 Quality of life evaluations in a group of patients treated with hip resurfacing arthroplasty, 2) to determine whether the age of the patient at surgery influenced these outcome measurements, and 3) whether the changes in SF-12 scores are comparable with those of the general US population.
Patient and Methods
A total of 100 patients with unilateral, unrevised, Charnley class A MOMHR were retrospectively selected for the study. UCLA and SF-12 scores were calculated preoperatively, short-term postoperatively, and beyond 10 years.
There was a decrease in the UCLA function and activity scores, and in the SF-12 physical scores between the short-term and the last follow-up at a minimum of 10 years. However, pain, walking, and SF-12 mental scores were maintained through the last follow-up. Furthermore, the SF-12 physical scores at last follow-up were comparable with those of the general US population while the mental scores were greater. There were no significant differences between the two age groups at any of the follow-up intervals for any outcome measurement.
While there is a slight decline in physical function following hip resurfacing over time, pain relief, walking ability, and quality of life are maintained.