Cup Version Can be Accurately Measured on the False Profile View RadiographLee JKL, Sardana V, White C, Speirs A, Beaulé PE.
Accurate measurement of cup version on plain radiographs remains difficult due to the two-dimensional projection of an ellipse and difficulty obtaining reproducible radiographs.
Determine: 1) if the cup angle measured on the false profile view (FPV) could be used to determine radiographic cup version; 2) how patient positioning would affect cup angle measurement on the FPV; 3) if implant cup design affects cup angle measurement.
Materials and methods
Three cup version positions were assessed in a sawbone: 13° (normal); 28° (excessive anteversion) and −2° (retroversion). Cup angle was measured on the FPV at five different degrees of pelvic rotation within each cup version group. Pelvic rotation was quantified using the ratio of the inter-femoral head distance measured on the FPV versus the anteroposterior radiographs (FP/AP ratio). Eighty patients (40 metal-on-polyethylene, 40 metal-on-metal) post-total hip were also assessed. Cup version was assessed with Einzel-Bild-Roentgen-Analysis software (EBRA). R2 was calculated to assess correlation between both measurement methods.
For the sawbone model, an R2 of 0.95 was obtained. For patients, overall R2 was 0.56 with an FP/AP ratio of 0.3-0.49 having an R2 of 0.72. The EBRA anteversion versus cup angle scatterplot had an R2 of 0.72 (95%CI: +/-7.8°). Subgroup analysis revealed no differences between the metal-on-poly and metal-on-metal for cup angle measurements. The intra-class coefficient for intra- and inter-observer reliability for all cases (individual and combined FP/AP groups) was 0.98 to 0.99.
The FPV cup angle measurement value provides an accurate measurement of radiographic cup anteversion with well-defined patient position parameters.