Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy June 2018, Volume 26, Issue 6, pp 1800–1804

Consistency in patient-reported outcome measures after total knee arthroplasty using patient-specific instrumentation: a 5-year follow-up of 200 consecutive cases

Schoenmakers, D.A.L., Schotanus, M.G.M., Boonen, B. et al.
Knee

Purpose

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 5-year follow-up results of the first 200 total knee arthroplasties (TKA) performed by one high-volume surgeon, using patient-specific information (PSI). To date, there has been no other research into the mid-term follow-up of TKA performed using PSI.

 

Materials and methods

A total of 184 consecutive patients (200 TKA) were evaluated. Outcome measures included implant survival rate, adverse events, and the following patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs); Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), Oxford Knee Score (OKS), Pain Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and EuroQol-5D Score (EQ-5D).

 

Results

Revision surgery was performed for late secondary prosthetic joint infection (n = 1, total revision), aseptic loosening (n = 1, tibial component revision), instability (n = 1, isolated polyethylene insert exchange), and polyethylene insert breakage (n = 1, isolated polyethylene insert exchange). Other adverse events were as follows: debridement, antibiotics and implant retention for early prosthetic joint infection (n = 1), surgical debridement for haemarthrosis (n = 1), superficial wound infection (n = 2), thromboembolic events (n = 2), compartment syndrome (n = 1), and nerve injury (n = 2). All median outcome scores for patient reported outcome measures at 5 years improved significantly compared with the preoperative values (p ≤ 0.05). Median outcome scores were not significantly different between 1- and 5-year moments of follow-up, except for a significant decrease of EQ-VAS (p ≤ 0.05) between these two follow-up moments.

 

Conclusion

PROMs are consistent for 5-year follow-up of TKA using PSI. After 5 years of follow-up, revision surgery for any reason occurred in four patients (2%).

 

Level of Evidence

III.


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