The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 10, 2947 - 2951

Comparison of Perioperative Adverse Event Rates After Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients With Diabetes: Insulin Dependence Makes a Difference

Webb, Matthew L. et al.
Knee

Background

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is an effective treatment option for patients with advanced osteoarthritis and has become one of the most frequently performed orthopedic procedures. With the increasing prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM), the burden of its sequela and associated surgical complications has also increased. For these reasons, it is important to understand the association between DM and the rates of perioperative adverse events after TKA.

Methods

A retrospective cohort study was conducted using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Patients who underwent TKA between 2005 and 2014 were identified and characterized as having insulin-dependent DM (IDDM), non–insulin-dependent DM (NIDDM), or not having DM. Multivariate Poisson regression was used to control for demographic and comorbid factors and to assess the relative risks of multiple adverse events in the initial 30 postoperative days.

Results

A total of 114,102 patients who underwent TKA were selected (IDDM = 4881 [4.3%]; NIDDM = 15,367 [13.5%]; and no DM = 93,854 [82.2%]). Patients with NIDDM were found to be at greater risk for 2 of 17 adverse events studied relative to patients without DM. However, patients with IDDM were found to be at greater risk for 12 of 17 adverse events studied relative to patients without DM.

Conclusion

In comparison with patients with NIDDM, patients with IDDM are at greater risk for many more perioperative adverse outcomes relative to patients without DM. These findings have important implications for patient selection, preoperative risk stratification, and postoperative expectations.


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