J Clin Med. 2023 Feb; 12(4): 1666.

Clinical Outcomes and Complication Rate after Single-Stage Hardware Removal and Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Matched-Pair Controlled Study

Francesco La Camera, Conceptualization, Methodology, Software, Validation, Formal analysis, Investigation, Data curation, Writing – original draft, Writing – review & editing,1,2 Vincenzo de Matteo,3 Marco Di Maio, Software,4 Raffaele Verrazzo, Investigation,3 Guido Grappiolo, Writing – review & editing, Visualization, Supervision,1,2 and Mattia Loppini, Visualization, Supervision1,2,4,*

Background: Single-stage hardware removal and total hip arthroplasty is a complex surgical procedure, comparable to revision surgery. The purpose of the current study is to evaluate single-stage hardware removal and THA outcomes, compare this technique with a matched control group that has undergone primary THA and assess the risk of periprosthetic joint infection with a 24-month minimum follow-up. Methods: This study included all those cases treated with THA and concomitant hardware removal from 2008 to 2018. The control group was selected on a 1:1 ratio among patients who underwent THA for primary OA. The Harris Hip (HHS) and University of California at Los Angeles Activity (UCLA) scores, infection rate and early and delayed surgical complications were recorded. Results: One hundred and twenty-three consecutive patients (127 hips) were included, and the same number of patients was assigned to the control group. The final functional scores were comparable between the two groups; a longer operative time and transfusion rate were recorded in the study group. Finally, an increased incidence of overall complications was reported (13.8% versus 2.4%), but no cases of early or delayed infection were found. Conclusions: Single-stage hardware removal and THA is a safe and effective but technically demanding technique, with a higher incidence of overall complications, making it more similar to revision THA than to primary THA.

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