Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2016 Mar;24(3):419-26. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2015.09.014.

Association between hospital procedure volume and risk of revision after total hip arthroplasty: a population-based study within the Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association database.

Glassou EN, Hansen TB, Mäkelä K, Havelin LI, Furnes O, Badawy M, Kärrholm J, Garellick G, Eskelinen A, Pedersen AB

OBJECTIVE: Outcome after total hip arthroplasty (THA) depends on several factors related to the patient, the surgeon and the implant. It has been suggested that the annual number of procedures per hospital affects the prognosis. We aimed to examine if hospital procedure volume was associated with the risk of revision after primary THA in the Nordic countries from 1995 to 2011.

The Nordic Arthroplasty Register Association database provided information about primary THA, revision and annual hospital volume. Hospitals were divided into five volume groups (1-50, 51-100, 101-200, 201-300, >300). The outcome of interest was risk of revision 1, 2, 5, 10 and 15 years after primary THA. Multivariable regression was used to assess the relative risk (RR) of revision.

417,687 THAs were included. For the 263,176 cemented THAs no differences were seen 1 year after primary procedure. At 2, 5, 10 and 15 years the four largest hospital volume groups had a reduced risk of revision compared to group 1-50. After 10 years RR was for volume group 51-100 0.79 (CI 0.65-0.95), group 101-200 0.76 (CI 0.61-0.95), group 201-300 0.74 (CI 0.57-0.96) and group >300 0.57 (CI 0.46-0.71). For the uncemented THAs an association between hospital volume and risk of revision were only present for hospitals producing 201-300 THAs per year, beginning at years 2 through 5 and in all subsequent time intervals to 15 years.

Hospital procedure volume was associated with a long term risk of revision after primary cemented THA. Hospitals operating 50 procedures or less per year had an increased risk of revision after 2, 5, 10 and 15 years follow up.

Adverse event; Hospital volume; Joint revision; Osteoarthritis; Total hip arthroplasty

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