Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy July 2019, Volume 27, Issue 7, pp 2173–2180

Younger patients with high varus malalignment of the contralateral knee may be candidates for simultaneous bilateral total knee arthroplasty

Hashimoto, S., Terauchi, M., Hatayama, K. et al.
Knee

Purpose

Bilateral total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is being performed more frequently. However, a consensus on whether simultaneous or staged procedures should be performed is not available. This study reviewed the clinical course of contralateral knees in patients who underwent unilateral TKA (UTKA) to determine which patients are candidates for simultaneous bilateral TKA (BTKA).

 

Methods

One hundred eighty-six patients with osteoarthritis who underwent UTKA at a single hospital between 2006 and 2009 (follow-up mean, 10.1 years) were retrospectively investigated. Age, sex, obesity, contralateral knee pain, Hospital for Special Surgery score, femorotibial angle (FTA), and Kellgren–Lawrence grades at the time of initial surgery were used to evaluate the risk for requiring contralateral TKA. Survival analysis and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis were performed.

 

Results

Ninety-one patients (48.9%) underwent contralateral TKA. The FTA of the contralateral knee (CFTA) was an independent related factor (hazard ratio, 1.15; p < 0.001), and the CFTA cut-off value for the next surgery was 183° (area under the curve, 0.85; sensitivity, 80.7%; specificity, 76.2%). The 10-year Kaplan–Meier survival rates for the CFTA < 183° group and the CFTA ≥ 183° group were 79.1% and 27.0%, respectively. In the CFTA ≥ 183° group, age was the predictor of future TKA, and elderly patients tended to not require a second procedure. The age cut-off value for the next surgery was 76 years.

 

Conclusions

Varus deformities in the contralateral knee predicted additional contralateral TKA. Patients with CFTA ≥ 183° and aged 75 years or younger are considered reasonable candidates for simultaneous BTKA.

 

Level of evidence

III.


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