Variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion: a risk factor for femoral stem varus in total hip arthroplastyWang, H., Gu, J., Liu, X., Liu, N., Luan, F., Yin, H., … Wang, W. (2020).
Correct implant positioning is required to achieve adequate biomechanics. The greater trochanter is more medially or laterally positioned in some patients, known as trochanteric lateroversion. However, studies have not identified correlations between postoperative coronal alignment and variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion on postoperative stem coronal alignment and to investigate other factors related to stem coronal alignment.
A total of 213 hips in 149 patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty were included in this prospective study. The greater trochanters were categorised into 5 groups according to the degree of variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion, and the stem coronal alignment angle and stem fit were measured on anteroposterior radiographs.
Postoperative stem varus was positively correlated with greater trochanteric lateroversion (r = 0.26065, p = 0.0001) and negatively correlated with the stem fit (r = −0.16568, p = 0.0155).
Excessive variation in greater trochanteric lateroversion was a risk factor for femoral stem varus, and the stem varus position was always accompanied by inadequate canal filling. When the tip of the trochanteric overhang exceeded the centreline of the femoral canal, the influence of lateroversion of the greater trochanter on the femoral stem remarkably increased. Appropriate measures should be implemented to avoid a stem varus position and inappropriate stem fit.