The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 3054 - 3060

Valgus Subsidence of the Tibial Component Caused by Tibial Component Malpositioning in Cementless Oxford Mobile-Bearing Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

Kamenaga, Tomoyuki et al.
Knee

Background

Valgus subsidence (VS) of the tibial component is a rare complication of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA), and surgeons might consider revision surgery. The present study aimed to identify the factors related to VS of the tibial component after cementless Oxford mobile-bearing UKA.

Methods

The study included 120 patients who underwent Oxford mobile-bearing UKA using a cementless tibial component in our center between September 2015 and September 2016. Six showed VS of >2° after surgery. Patients were stratified into 2 groups according to the occurrence of VS of the tibial component (VS group, n = 6; no-subsidence group, n = 114). Postoperative radiographic evaluations were conducted to assess the varus/valgus alignment, rotation, and mediolateral position of the tibial and femoral components. The Oxford Knee Score (OKS) was assessed at 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. Positional parameters and sequential change in OKS were compared between the two groups using unpaired t-test ( P < .05, statistically significant).

Results

At 3 months postoperatively, an average VS of 3.4° in the VS group was observed, with a significant decrease in OKS. VS was associated with a significantly more medial position and external rotation of the tibial component. After 3 months, VS stopped, and the OKS gradually improved without revision surgery.

Conclusions

VS might be caused by the malpositioning of the tibial component. VS of the tibial component after UKA appears to stop, with simultaneous pain relief, even without revision after 3 months postoperatively.

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