Utility of CT-based navigation in revision total hip arthroplasty for a patient with severe posterior pelvic tilt-case report-Watanabe, S., Choe, H., Kobayashi, N. et al.
Hip dislocation after total hip arthroplasty (THA) or hemi-arthroplasty is a rare but serious complication. Dislocation may be prevented by appropriate positioning of the cup angle of inclination and anteversion.
This report describes a 66-year-old woman who underwent revision THA using a computer tomography (CT)-based navigation system to treat an anterior dislocation after hemi-arthroplasty due to a severe posterior pelvic tilt. At initial presentation, her sagittal pelvic tilt angle, measured as anterior pelvic plane (APP) in the supine position, was 38 degrees posterior to the coronal plane. Owing to the posterior pelvic tilt, revision THA was performed using CT-based navigation, while dual mobility was utilized to reduce the risk of re-dislocation. Postoperatively, her sagittal pelvic tilt angle showed further progression over time, with an APP of 66 degrees posterior to the coronal plane in the standing position 3 years after revision THA. Simulation with the Zed Hip system showed that the risk of implant-to-implant impingement was much higher posteriorly than anteriorly. Gait analysis demonstrated hyperextension of the hip joint while walking, although hip joint function required for daily activity was maintained.
Preoperative planning of implant orientation, based on posterior progression of pelvic tilt and accurate placement of components, is important to prevent dislocation in patients with severe posterior pelvic tilt. A dual mobility cup may also improve hip function in these patients.