The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 2, 413 - 416

Use of National Joint Registries to Evaluate a New Knee Arthroplasty Design

Vasarhelyi, Edward M. et al.
Knee

Background

The introduction of new technology in joint replacement surgery requires close monitoring to identify early successes and failures. This monitoring can be effectively performed through the analysis of registry data and radiostereometric analysis studies. This study examined the revision rates of a contemporary knee system for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using National Joint Replacement Registries.

Methods

A review of the literature was performed to identify comparative studies and registry databases reporting the revision rates of a specific contemporary knee design between 2013 and 2018. The total number of TKA cases performed using this implant was recorded. The latest follow-up or duration of monitoring through a registry database was used to report implant survivorship.

Results

There were 4 registry databases and 1 comparative study reporting the revision rates of the contemporary knee system. A total of 41,483 cases were identified with a follow-up range of 1.5-5.0 years. The all-cause revision rate ranged from 0.7% to 2.5% at latest follow-up. This was comparable to all-cause revision rates of other knee systems reported in the registries, ranging from 0.8% to 5.6% over similar follow-up periods.

Conclusions

Evaluation of data from multiple national joint registries demonstrated the revision rate for this contemporary knee system to be comparable to other TKA systems at latest follow-up. None of the registries have identified any concerning rates of revision compared to other devices at this length of follow-up. National Joint Registries are an important resource in evaluating the short-term, mid-term, and long-term results of new implant designs introduced to the market.

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