The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 24, Issue: 5, Page: 1166-1174

Up to seven years’ follow-up of short cemented stems in complex primary total knee arthroplasty: A prospective study

Angers-Goulet, Mathieu; Bédard, Martin
Knee

Background

Although primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA) shows good clinical, functional and radiological results, it can be complicated by certain conditions or pathologies. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the global performance of short cemented metaphyseal stem components in patients undergoing complex primary TKA.

Methods

This is a single-surgeon prospective case series of 91 patients who underwent complex primary TKA requiring short stem fixation between January 2009 and October 2014. Knee Society Scores, physical examinations, and radiological assessments were performed pre- and postoperatively at six weeks, three months, six months, 12 months, and annually thereafter.

Results

There were 40 females (46 TKAs) and 40 males (45 TKAs) in the study cohort. The left knee accounted for 52.7% of the surgeries. The average body-mass index (BMI) was 31.8 kg/m2. Knee Society Scores obtained at the latest follow-up showed 96.4% and 95.5% good-to-excellent results respectively for the Knee and Function sub-scores. Radiological assessment showed that all Knee Society roentgenographic scores were below 10, without any evidence of impending or possible failure. Only one revision was required in this cohort for a patient suffering a deep chronic infection. At seven years, the Kaplan–Meier survivorship analysis revealed a 100% survivorship for aseptic loosening and a 98.9% survivorship for infection and revision of the components for any reason.

Conclusion

This study demonstrated that TKA with short cemented stems resulted in good functional, clinical, and radiological outcomes for up to seven years for patients requiring complex TKA.


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