Unusual mechanical complications of unicompartmental low contact stress mobile bearing patellofemoral arthroplasty: A cause for concern?B. R.B. Arumilli; A. B.Y. Ng; D. J. Ellis; P. Hirst
The Low Contact Stress Patellofemoral Arthroplasty (LCS PFA) is a newer design belonging to the second generation of inlay type implants, addressing the problems encountered in the first generation models (Lubinus & Richard’s). The cemented mobile bearing metal backed patellar component in this system is “modular”; allowing interchangeable usage with either the trochlear component in a PFA or the femoral component of a total knee arthroplasty, thus obviating the need for patellar revision during conversion of PFA to TKA. The younger active patient with a PFA may exert extreme joint reaction forces on their patellar implant, rendering early loosening of the patellar implant. The endurance of this implant with repeated flexion beyond 90° is also a concern. We describe a series of three unusual mechanical failures associated with this particular design of metal backed patellar component of the unicompartmental LCS patellofemoral arthroplasty.