The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1132 - 1138

Uncemented Total Hip Arthroplasty Through the Direct Anterior Approach: Analysis of a Consecutive Series of 275 Hips With a Minimum Follow-Up of 10 Years

Rahm, Stefan et al.
Hip

Background

The purpose of this study was to document complications, outcomes, and 10-year survivorship of primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) using a direct anterior approach with an uncemented, straight, hydroxyapatite-coated stem and an uncemented cup.

Methods

A retrospective, consecutive series of 275 primary THAs through a direct anterior approach with traction table using Medacta Versafit cup and Quadra-H stem with a minimum of 10-year follow-up was identified. The cumulative 10-year survival of the implants was estimated using Kaplan-Meier estimator. All complications, reoperations, and failures were analyzed. Subjective and clinical outcomes (Subjective Hip Value, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, and Harris Hip Score) were measured.

Results

Of 256 patients (275 hips, 143 men and 113 women) with a mean age of 63 (range, 24-85) years, 48 (19%) patients (52 hips) deceased not related to the surgery after a mean time 49 months (range, 3-118) postoperatively. At >10-year follow-up, 9 THAs were revised. The overall implant survival rate was 96.8% (95% confidence interval, 94.4-98.7) at 10 years. One cup and 1 stem were revised because of aseptic loosening. At the last follow-up, the median Subjective Hip Value was 90% (range, 20-100), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score reached a median of 0.2 points (range, 0-6.3), and the median Harris Hip Score points was 99 (range, 29-100).

Conclusion

Primary THA through an anterior minimal invasive approach with the mentioned implants showed low revision rates and good to excellent clinical outcome after at least 10 years.

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