The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 1, 212 - 218

Ultra-Short Anatomic Uncemented Femoral Stem and Ceramic-on-Ceramic Bearing in Patients With Idiopathic or Ethanol-Induced Femoral Head Osteonecrosis

Kim, Young-Hoo et al.
Hip

Background

Long-term result of the ultra-short anatomic cementless stem in the patients with idiopathic or ethanol-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head has not been assessed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the long-term clinical, radiographic, computed tomography scan, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning results, and survivorship of this specific femoral stem in patients with idiopathic or ethanol-induced femoral head osteonecrosis.

Methods

Two hundred fifty-six patients (335 hips) with an average age of 49.8 years (range 20-63) were enrolled in the current study. All patients underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning of the acetabulum and proximal femur preoperatively and at final follow-up. Computed tomography scan was obtained in all patients at final follow-up. The mean follow-up was 14.7 years (range 13-16).

Results

At final follow-up, the average Harris hip score, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index score, and University of California, Los Angeles activity score were 94 points, 12 points, and 8 points, respectively. Four stems (1%) underwent revision for aseptic loosening. One acetabular component (0.3%) was revised for recurrent dislocation. No hip was revised for squeaking or clicking sound. Survivorship of the femoral stem was 99.0% (95% confidence interval 94-100) and that of the acetabular component was 99.4% (95% confidence interval 95-100) at 14.7 years.

Conclusion

Ultra-short proximal loading anatomic uncemented femoral stems with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings have excellent survivorship free from aseptic loosening and good clinical results at long term.

Level of Evidence

Level IV

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