The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1207 - 1213

Two-Stage Debridement With Prosthesis Retention for Acute Periprosthetic Joint Infections

Chung, Andrew S. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

Historically, infection control rates with debridement and component retention have been poor in the management of acute prosthetic joint infections. We previously described a 2-stage debridement with prosthesis retention protocol for acute periprosthetic joint infection and reported a 90% success rate in a sample of 20 patients.

Methods

A retrospective review of 83 patients who underwent a 2-stage debridement with implant retention with a minimum 1-year follow-up was performed. Patient data were primarily analyzed to determine infection control rates. Infections were considered controlled when patients had not undergone a reoperation for infection, and demonstrated lack of any clinical signs or symptoms of infection (a well healed wound, diminishing swelling and warmth, absence of erythema, improvement in baseline pain symptoms) A secondary goal of this study was to examine the effects of symptom duration on infection control rate.

Results

Average patient follow-up was 41.8 months (range 12-171) for all patients. The overall protocol success rate was 86.7% (72/83): 82.9% in hips and 89.6% in knees. Additionally, protocol success was observed in 45 of 48 primary joints (93.8%) and 27 of 35 (77.1%) revision joints ( P = .046). Average time from onset of symptoms to surgery was 6.2 days for successfully treated patients (range 0-27 days) compared to 10.7 days for those who failed treatment (range 1-28 days, P = .070).

Conclusion

This 2-stage retention protocol resulted in a higher likelihood of infection control compared to prior reports of single stage debridement and modular part exchange.

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