The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 4 , 682 - 685

Total Knee Arthroplasty Is Safe and Successful in Patients With Klippel-Trénaunay Syndrome

Labott, Joshua R. et al.
Knee

Background

Klippel-Trénaunay syndrome (KTS) is a severe vascular malformation that can lead to hypertrophic osteoarthritis. Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed in extremities affected with KTS is challenging given the high-risk vascular considerations and occasionally poor bone quality.

Methods

We identified 12 patients with KTS who underwent TKA between 1998 and 2017. There were 7 men, mean age 42 years, and mean follow-up was 7 years. Before arthroplasty, 2 patients (17%) had preoperative sclerotherapy. Preoperative vascular studies were done for 9 patients (75%) and included magnetic resonance imaging (n = 7), magnetic resonance angiography (n = 1), and computed tomography angiography (n = 1). A preoperative blood conservation protocol was used for all operations and included the use of tranexamic acid (TXA) in later years. Posterior-stabilized TKA was used in 10 cases and cruciate-retaining TKA was used in 2 cases.

Results

At final follow-up, 2 patients (17%) had undergone revision surgery: 1 for infection and 1 for tibial loosening with subsequent arthrofibrosis. Knee Society Scores (36-83, P < .0001) and functional scores (48-84, P = .0007) significantly increased between the preoperative and postoperative period. Likewise at last follow-up, the mean knee range of motion significantly increased (82°-104°, P = .04). Median blood loss for patients who received TXA was 200 mL compared to 275 mL in patients who did not receive TXA (P = .66). Likewise there was no difference (P = .5) in the proportion of patients who required a transfusion between those who received TXA (2/6, 33%) and those who did not (3/6, 50%).

Conclusion

In this small series, TKA can lead to significant clinical improvement for patients with KTS. Modern blood management techniques and a careful multidisciplinary care approach render TKA a reasonable option for select patients with KTS.

Level of Evidence

Level IV case series, therapeutic.


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