The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 16, Issue: 6, Page: 501-506
Total knee arthroplasty in patients with poliomyelitisD. Tigani; M. Fosco; L. Amendola; L. Boriani
We performed a retrospective chart and radiograph review of 10 patients with a history of poliomyelitis involving a limb that subsequently underwent primary total knee arthroplasty between 2000 and 2008. One posterior stabilized (PS), two condylar constrained (CCK), and seven rotating hinge (RHK) prostheses belonging to the same system were implanted. Eight patients were followed for a minimum of 2 years (mean 4.3 years, range 2 to 8.5 years); one patient required revision for prosthesis infection. The last patient was followed for just six months reporting excellent pain relief, and without complications.
American Knee Society Score (AKSS) improved postoperatively in all eight patients with at least 2 years follow-up. The improvement was more marked for the knee score, which increased from a mean of 37 points preoperatively (range 20 to 51) to 75.7 points postoperatively (range 50 to 92); for the functional score the mean increase was only 15.8 points, from a mean of 38.5 points (range 20 to 70) to 54.3 points (range 20 to 80) after the intervention. One patient had a recurrence of the recurvatum deformity after implanting a CCK prosthesis. We found that a rotating hinge prosthesis that allowed hyperextension was suitable treatment for patients with knee osteoarthritis and polio as this compensated for loss of quadriceps power.