Total knee arthroplasty according to the original knee phenotypes with kinematic alignment surgical technique—early clinical and functional outcomes. BMC Musculoskelet Disord 21, 839 (2020).

Total knee arthroplasty according to the original knee phenotypes with kinematic alignment surgical technique—early clinical and functional outcomes

Hsu, CE., Huang, JT., Tong, KM. et al.
Knee

Background

The kinematic alignment (KA) technique in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) aims to restore the native alignment of pre-disease knee joint anatomy. Determining the individualized alignment targets is crucial for pre-operative planning, which can be set according to different original knee phenotypes. Five most common knee phenotypes have been categorized for KA-TKA alignment target setting in our previous study. The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of the five phenotypes in advanced OA knee patients and evaluate the clinical outcomes of this phenotype-oriented KA-TKA using the generic instrument, with particular emphasis on alignment strategy, surgical technique, survivorship, radiographic and functional outcomes.

Methods

The clinical data of 123 patients (88 women, 35 men) who had undergone 140 TKAs in our hospital were reviewed. All the TKAs were performed with alignment targets set according to the original phenotypes of the knee, with the KA method, using the generic total knee instrument. The patients’ demographics, preoperative and postoperative knee alignment angles, one-year postoperative range of motion (ROM), Oxford knee scores (OKS), Combined knee society score (CKSS) were collected and analyzed.

Results

The 3 years survivorship was 99.3% for all cause of revision, and 100% with revision other than infection as the endpoint. The preoperative phenotypes of the knee were as follows: neutral alignment 20.1% (type 1: 3.6%, type 2: 16.5%), varus alignment 71.2% (type 3: 46.0%, type 4: 25.2%), and valgus alignment (type 5: 8.6%). Using our protocol, patients with different knee phenotypes could get similar great functional improvement though the postoperative alignment parameters were significantly different between the knee phenotypes (P < 0.05).

Conclusion

The early outcomes of this phenotype-oriented KA-TKA using generic total knee instruments are promising. Setting individualized alignment target according to original knee phenotype is rational and practical. The residual varus alignment did not cause any aseptic loosening in the 3 years follow-up. Long-term survivorship and functional outcomes need to be evaluated in future studies.


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