The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 1, 204 - 211

Total Hip Arthroplasty With Subtrochanteric Shortening Osteotomy in Patients With High Hip Dislocation Secondary to Childhood Septic Arthritis: A Matched Comparative Study With Crowe IV Developmental Dysplasia

Park, Chan-Woo et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy (SSO) is performed to manage hips with high dislocations. We compared outcomes of THA with SSO in patients with high hip dislocation resulting from childhood septic arthritis and Crowe IV developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH).

Methods

We reviewed 60 THAs with SSO performed between May 1996 and December 2013. Thirty-one cases were classified as sequelae of childhood infection and 29 as DDH. Twenty-five hips were selected for each group after the propensity score was matched with preoperative demographics and leg length discrepancy (LLD). Clinical scores, complication and reoperation rates, radiographic results, and survivorships were compared. The mean duration of follow-up was 12.3 (range 5-22) years.

Results

The average correction in LLD was 2.5 cm for childhood infection and 3.6 cm for DDH (P = .002). The infection group received more transfusions (mean 3.3 vs 2.0 units, P = .002), required more time for union of osteotomy site (mean 6.8 vs 5.2 months, P = .042), and reported lower Harris Hip Score (mean 85.1 vs 91.3, P = .017). Reoperations were performed in 11 (44%) previously infected hips and 3 (12%) DDHs (P = .012). Kaplan-Meier survivorship with an endpoint of revision for any reason was lower in the infection group (83.6%) than in the DDH group (100%) at 10 years (log rank, P = .040).

Conclusion

THA with SSO in high hip dislocation secondary to childhood septic arthritis demonstrated less favorable clinical outcomes with increased risks of complication, compared with those performed in Crowe IV DDH with similar degree of chronic dislocation.

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