The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 34 , Issue 1 , 71 - 76

Total Hip Arthroplasty in Ankylosing Spondylitis With Extension Contracture of Hips

Gautam, Deepak et al.
Hip

Background

Despite significant pain relief following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis, a small subset of patients presenting with extra-articular extension contracture of hips remains unsatisfied.

Methods

We retrospectively evaluated the patients with ankylosing spondylitis who underwent simultaneous bilateral THA and had extensor tightness of both hips preoperatively. They were managed with modified Z-plasty of iliotibial band. Patients with windswept deformity, commonly seen in bilateral hip arthritis caused by ankylosing spondylitis, were excluded.

Results

Between July 2011 and June 2015, out of 148 patients with bilateral hip involvement, 10 patients (20 hips) had extension contracture of both hips that was addressed during surgery. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 2 years. They could sit comfortably on a chair of height 18 inches with hips and knees flexed to at least 90°. The mean postoperative sum range of motion was 144.6° with an average hip flexion of 95° (range, 90°-105°). None of them had recurrence of extension contracture. There was significant improvement in range of motion and hence ambulation and function. No radiolucent lines exceeding 2 mm were seen in any of the zones around either of the components as evaluated in latest X-rays.

Conclusion

Extension contracture of hip although rare is a noticeable problem and needs to be addressed during THA. Modified Z-plasty technique of iliotibial band is a reliable method in managing these patients.


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